17 November 2016:Session 2
The second session of the day was held on Impact of Climate Change on the Himalayan Ecosystem. Shri. Anil Madhav Dave, Hon’ble Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change said there is direct correlation between solving the issue by creating awareness and capacity building. He also highlighted the issue of ecological sensitivity of Himalayan region and assured that the work initiated under National Mission of Himalayan Ecosystem will address all climate related problem.
Dr. Kailash Chandra, Director, ZSI highlighted the impact of Climate Change on Himalayan Faunal Diversity. He emphasised on how unique floral and faunal wealth of the Himalayas is undergoing structural and compositional changes due to climate change. The increase in temperature is shifting various species to higher elevations with an e.g. of butterfly populations of north-west Himalaya.
Dr. Ranbeer S. Rawal, Scientist – F, G.B. Pant National Institute highlighted the emerging needs for evolving new paradigms of conservation and sustainable development that help restoring intricate balance between economic interests and ecological imperatives in the region under changing climate scenario.
Dr. Pitamber P. Dhyani, Director, G.B. Pant National Institute highlighted that vulnerability to climate change is location specific and mountain ecosystem have emerged one amongst most vulnerable ecosystem. He also highlighted the rate of glacier retreat in the Himalaya varies from 10m to 60m per year. It is informed that hydrological system of Brahmaputra and Koshi river basins are very sensitive to Climate Change. He also highlighted that how cultivation of traditional crop (eg. Hordemn Himalayens) in the Himalayan region is impacted due to climate change.
Ms. Neha Pahuja, TERI linked the Climate Risks to Policy and Practices by sharing the experiences and approaches from Himalayan Adaptation, Water an Resilience Research (HI AWARE). HI-AWARE focuses its activities in 12 sites that represent a range of climates, altitudes, hydro-meteorological conditions, rural-urban continuums, and socio-economic contexts in four study basins: the Indus, Upper Ganga, Gandaki and Teesta.
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India’s INDC is prepared in a balanced and comprehensive manner to reflect all issues of:
Mitigation,Adaptation,ClimateFinance, Technology transfer and Capacity building while simultaneously endeavoring to meet all the developmental challenges that the country faces today.